Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka state in South India and also India’s IT capital popularly known as Silicon Valley of India is a fast growing cosmopolitan city established in the 16th century i.e. 1537 CE by Kempe Gowda. He built a mud wall around the city and called his new township as Gandu Bhoomi, which means the "Land of Heroes". It has gradually evolved and transformed from being a sleepy lush green "Garden City" blessed with good climate ideal for pensioners to the "Silicon Valley of India" with multifaceted industrial growth and rapid urbanization due to booming economy and also modern racy lifestyle of youth mostly talented IT professionals. It is a major industrial centre being home to several international IT companies and other MNCs, swanky BPOs, public sector undertakings in heavy industries, telecommunications, aerospace, heavy equipment, machine tools, defence organizations, biotech companies and also a transportation hub being an access point for travellers to several destinations in south like Mysore, Bandipur, Coorg, Kabini, Hassan and Chikmagalur in Karnataka, Puttaparthi in Andhra Pradesh or on the way to Goa or Kerala. Bangalore got its name from the Kannada language word "benda kaal-uru"(literal meaning "town of boiled beans" as benda kalu means "boiled beans"). It is believed that it was named by the grateful 11th-century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II for the meal that was offered to him when he lost his way in the forest while hunting and came across a poor old woman who served boiled beans to the hungry king which later became known as Bangalore (anglicised version) and now Bengaluru.

Bengaluru is also a tourist destination by itself with well laid out parks and gardens like Lalbagh, Cubbon Park, tree flanked avenues, magnificent buildings like Vidhana Soudha, Attara Kacheri and bustling bazaars like Gandhi Bazaar, museums like Vishweshwarya Technological Museum, Zoological park like Bannerghatta National Park, religious places of worship like Bull temple, ISKCON temple, many renowned spiritual and yoga centres like Art of Living’s Bangalore Ashram and having many entertainment / recreation options that may lure any traveller. It is a demographically diverse city consisting of very friendly people of multi-linguistic cultures whose life is centred on the posh techno city offices and a mix of old traditions and modern life. It is an ideal choice for people to relocate for business and residential purposes. It has emerged as a strong competitor to Mumbai and its continually developing into bigger and bigger commercial and economic hub being the major in IT field and the choice of many multinational companies for their operations and has also been referred to by CNN as one of the finest places to do business in today’s hyper world. Bengaluru has a large number of colleges both prestigious and reputed educational and research institutions like the Indian Institute of Science(IISc), Indian Institute of Management (IIM)etc and also other a-z colleges making it a major learning centre with bright future employment options for students from all over India. It is now a metro city like Delhi after Namma Metro became operational to meet the traffic of this fastest growing major metropolis. It is also a popular medical tourism destination or a medical hub due to vast number of world renowned hospitals with finest quality healthcare facilities like the world’s largest ‘healing centre’ and ‘telemedicine centre’. Today Bangalore’s green zone is fast depleting and it is criticized for large crowds, traffic, poor infrastructure and pollution problems all associated to rapid urban expansion and population growth. But still it is clean, green and well maintained compared to other Indian cities and voted as the most liveable city in India.

On 15th August 1986, Bengaluru district was divided into two districts Bengaluru Urban and Bengaluru Rural. Bengaluru Urban district is divided into four talukas: Bengaluru North, Bengaluru South, Bengaluru East and Anekal and comprises of 17 hobles, 668 villages and 9 municipal corporations. Electronic City the pride of India in information technology sector is situated in Anekal taluka. It is surrounded by the Bengaluru Rural district except on south by the Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu. Bengaluru Urban has industrial clusters like Whitefield, Electronics City and Bidadi, etc. making Bengaluru one of the top five IT Clusters in the World. Bengaluru rural district is basically an agricultural district comprising of mostly comprises of rural areas of south-east Karnataka around the city of Bengaluru and derives its name from Bengaluru city (headquarters). The major portion of Bengaluru rural district lies in the Arkavati valley and ragi, rice, groundnut, grapes, sugarcane, castor & mulberry are main crops of this district. There is ample scope for industrialization, especially in dairy sector (milk and milk products), food processing and sericulture (70 crores “Silk City” for silk weaving industries in pipeline). It has 2 divisions; 4 Talukas namely Devanahalli, Doddaballapura, Hoskote and Nelamangala; v35 Hoblis (cluster of villages); 1,713 inhabited villages, 177 uninhabited villages, 9 towns, and 229 Gram Panchayats. The talukas of Kanakapura, Ramanagaram, Magadi and Channapatna which belonged to this district were merged to form the Ramanagaram district in September 2007.

It is a city of contrasts and a potpourri of different cultures (hi-tech versus traditional) that boasts of various sobriquets like Garden City, Pensioners Paradise, Silicon Valley of India, IT Capital of India, Air-conditioned City, Gourmet's Delight, Pub Hopper's Paradise and Shopper's Hot Spot. Due to IT boom in the eighties it has emerged as a major hub of India's IT industry, popularly known as the Silicon Valley of India being leading IT exporter and also IT employer with lot of employment options. City has a buzzing pub culture and boasts of many watering holes (classic pubs, gastro pubs, bars and discotheques) which are concentrated in MG Road and areas around like Brigade Road, St. Marks Road and Church Road. Most high end luxury hotels in the city have their own discos and pubs which are top class places to socialize and drink. It is home to many microbreweries and has a large beer production and houses one of the biggest brewers in India, the UB Group which owns the Kingfisher brand. Few Famous Pubs are- Arbor Brewing Company(Magrath Road), Hard Rock Cafe(St. Marks Road), Cirrus(Indiranagar), Toit(Indiranagar), Blimey MG Road(1 MG Road Mall, Halasuru), Skyye Lounge(UB City, Vital Mallya Road), The Biere Club(Vital Mallya Road, Ashok Nagar), Bak Bak Bar(Sadduguntepalya), Monkey Bar(Wood Street, Ashok Nagar), Ice Vivanta by Taj(MG Road, Trinity Circle), I & Monkey(Indiranagar). Bangalore’s happening nightlife ends early as shops shut at 11:30pm as per rules which may be relaxed extending the time to 1:00am.

The hub of India's emerging biotech industry and home to the biggest bio cluster ‘Bengaluru Helix’, has 183 out of 340 Biotechnology companies( including the famous Biocon) existing in the country, making it 60% of the Biotechnology Units. It is famous for rock music with all major bands of the world like Iron Maiden, Deep Purple, Rasmus and one of the premier places to hold international rock concerts. It is famous for fine silk mostly Mysore Silk sarees and sandalwood items, flowers and fruits such as grapes, guava and mangoes.

Rivers: Arkavathi, Kanva, Vrishabhavathi

Arts: Bharat Natyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Kathak, Yakshagana and Odissi


Bangalore Urban Map


Bangalore Rural Map

The Lalit AshokNext to CM Guest House, Bengaluru8030527777
The Leela PalaceOpp. Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru8025211234
Sheraton Grand BangaloreRajajinagar, Bengaluru8042521000
ITC WindsorGolf Course Road, Bengaluru8022269898
Pai ComfortsJ.P. Nagar 2nd Phase, Bengaluru8026494300
The AtriaPalace Road, Bengaluru8049394444
The PrideLangford Gardens, Bengaluru8043484348
The Ritz-CarltonAshok Nagar, Bengaluru8049148000
S.R.S. TravelsBengaluru8026708511
Nirmala TravelsBengaluru8023106745
Greenline TravelsMajestic, Bengaluru8041136530
Orange ToursWhitefield, Bengaluru8060002020
Pooja TravelsVidyapeet circle, Bengaluru0802669 331

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